Zhanazhol Munai Service LLP performs magnetic exploration using the best equipment in the industry, which allows obtaining the highest quality data.
The difference between this method and other geophysical surveys is high productivity. The search and exploration of iron ore is very effective, the speed of geological mapping, structural studies, and the search for minerals of various types is increasing.
Magnetic survey is the most important and widely used geophysical method of achieving geophysical exploration objectives. The basis of the method is the study of the Earth's magnetic field. Our planet, being a cosmic body with a certain internal structure, generates a constant magnetic field. It is called "normal" or "primary".
Most of the rocks and ore have a magnetic property and are magnetized under the influence of the Earth's field, creating abnormal (secondary) magnetic fields. By means of magnetic exploration, it is possible to identify such anomalous fields against the background of the observed or total geomagnetic field, as well as to carry out a geological interpretation of the data obtained.
Tasks to be solved:
Tasks to be solved:
The technique of ground-based magnetic exploration involves the use of specific equipment. One of the most effective is the MMPOS 1 magnetometer and the G-859SX cesium magnetometer from the manufacturer Geometrics (USA).
In order to monitor the stability of the instruments, readings are taken from them before the start of the study and at the end of the run. It is possible to control the quality of the results obtained by setting up independent control observations. Their volume does not exceed 5% of the total number of points; data are checked upon completion of field work. The results of control observations allow us to determine the average quadratic error that occurred in the observations of the main instruments.
The new cesium magnetometric system allows you to obtain the highest quality raw data — 0.020 nT/√Hz RMS. Currently, it is the best tool in its segment for measuring the total magnetic field strength. Its creation was based on the standard industrial model G-858 MagMapper, which was a reliable research module with proven performance characteristics.
An integral part of the module is the NovatelTM GPS unit equipped with the WAAS/EGNOS/MSAS function. It opens up the following possibilities:
Another convenience of the Geometrics G-859SX magnetometer is the possibility for the user to choose parameters such as sensitivity, resolution, and data logging efficiency. Additionally, it is possible to adjust the coordinates of the survey profile system on the map, adjust the GPS location information.
High-precision instrument based on the Overhauser effect. The main purpose is to measure the geomagnetic field module. Work opportunities — in the process of land survey or as a stationary variation station. The main features are the connection of GPS receiver for coordinate reference of measurements on the ground. This function is available thanks to the magnetometer control unit.
4 modes for the production of field work:
DLLink software is attached to the device, which provides data transfer to the user's computer. The POSManager program allows you to obtain graphical and textual visualization of variational and route measurements. This data is convenient for monitoring, editing and saving.
Aeromagnetic survey is performed by the MagArrow flight magnetometer, the DJI Matrice 600 Pro carrier UAV and the G-859SX cesium magnetometer. The G-859SX magnetometer is installed in a low-gradient field in the area of the work site for use as a magnetovariation station for quality control, while the MagArrow magnetometer on the DJI Matrice 600 Pro UAV carrier is used for in-flight survey.
In the integrated MagArrow+DJI Matrice 600 Pro device, the high-precision MagArrow sensor element is towed on a cable cable from the DJI Matrice 600 Pro unmanned aerial vehicle. This makes it possible to exclude the influence of the magnetic field of the carrier on the reading of the device.
To control the stability of the devices, a network of reference routes is created, along which readings are taken at the beginning and at the end of the working day. The quality control of the magnetic work carried out is carried out by setting up independent control observations carried out in the amount of 5% of the total length of the routes traveled upon completion of field work.
MagArrow is used as a magnetometer, which was designed specifically for use on drones. It is a lightweight and compact system with high performance and versatility, allowing you to conduct aeromagnetic surveys from any type of light aircraft with an average payload.
The electronics are packaged in a fully autonomous system, which consists of:
All this is integrated into a small aerodynamic capsule that weighs one kilogram (2.2 lbs.) and has a length of 1 meter (3.281 feet). The sampling frequency of 1000 Hz is synchronized with the built-in GPS, which allows the system to work independently of the UAV. With such a high sampling rate, the device can take surveys every 1 cm of the route segment at a given speed of 10 m/s.
the rocks that make up the geological structure of the Earth are located among the host rocks and for this reason they do not measure the absolute value of the parameters of the studied structure, but only their changes (in other words, the effective magnetic susceptibility is measured, estimated by the formula: δχ= xstr χ0, where by χ0 should be understood the magnetic susceptibility of the host rocks).
The value of δχ can be positive and negative, vary in a fairly wide range, but it is never equal to zero. And it is thanks to this that magnetic anomalies appear, recorded by sensitive equipment. The value of δχ depends on the existing geological situation.
Ferromagnets and the rocks they are part of are leaders among substances that create anomalies in magnetic fields. Since the magnetic susceptibility of a rock can vary millions of times, which is a fairly high limit of indicators, the intensity of anomalies also changes with it, varying in the range from a fraction to hundreds of thousands of nanotesla. To register such a field, it is necessary to use specialized highly sensitive devices capable of operating in a wide dynamic measurement range.
The method of magnetic exploration and gravity exploration is a set of measures that include the selection of the optimal method for research and instruments for conducting surveys, as well as observation systems, error calculations and the form of preparation of results. The main purpose of the technique is to obtain a conditioned material, on the basis of which it is possible to judge the location of anomalies in the magnetic field of the selected area of the territory and perform geological tasks.
Interpretation of the results of magnetic exploration
Interpretation of the received data includes geophysical interpretation and geological interpretation. These 2 studies are closely related.
Stages of work execution:
Quantitative interpretation or solution of the inverse problem of magnetic exploration. The task of this stage is to determine the quantitative parameter of the object under study.
Geological interpretation of magnetic anomaly is similar to gravity exploration.
Qualitative interpretation allows you to detect:
Quantitative (calculated) interpretation is aimed at:
By means of the obtained data, the inverse problem of magnetic exploration is solved.
A well-thought-out range of activities, including magnetic exploration, gravity exploration and other geophysical methods selected for the geological and geophysical feature of the area being checked, allows accurate and reliable geological interpretation of the data obtained.
Magnetic exploration in combination with seismic and gravity exploration is used to conduct geotectonic zoning — mapping of various regional structures:
Magnetic exploration also contributes to the assessment of the physical properties, structure and composition of rock, mapping of oil and gas-bearing objects and areas of salt dome tectonics.
Aeromagnetic exploration is used when it is necessary to conduct small- or medium-scale geological mapping. By means of ground-based magnetic observations, mapping, exploration and prospecting surveys are carried out. Focusing on the maps of anomalies in the geomagnetic field of the studied area, it is possible to determine the shape, location of the rock and its magnetic properties. Sedimentary and igneous rocks under sediments, deep faults give the clearest signals. This is due to the presence of magnetic rocks, large-sized iron ore deposits, intrusions of various compositions, and effusive complexes. The data from the surveys are necessary as the basis for the rational formulation of prospecting and geological survey work.
This task is best solved by magnetic exploration. The study is carried out in several stages:
Magnetite ores are much easier to detect than hematite deposits, as they are surrounded by more intense anomalies.
Magnetic exploration gives excellent results in the search for the following minerals: